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The Army established Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness (CSF2) in October 2009 in an effort to increase the resilience and enhance the performance of Soldiers, their Families, and Army Civilians. The definition of resilience is the mental, physical, emotional, and behavioral ability to face and cope with adversity, adapt to change, recover, learn and grow from setbacks.
CSF2 is a key component of the Army’s Ready and Resilient Campaign, and in that role, is the Army program designated to build and maintain ready and resilient Soldiers, Family members and Army Civilians. A resilient and holistically fit individual is better able to use the skills needed to think optimistically, face challenges and bounce back from adversity.
CSF2 is made up of three main components: online self-development, training, and metrics and evaluation:
The Global Assessment Tool (GAT) - A survey tool through which individuals are able to confidentially assess their physical and psychological health based on four of the five dimensions of strength: emotional, social, spiritual, and family fitness.
ArmyFit™ (Coming Soon) – An online training environment for personal development and in-depth self-assessments in all five dimensions of strength.
Master Resilience Trainers (MRTs) – MRTs serve as Commanders' advisors for Resilience Training. Graduates of a 10-day course, these Soldiers, Army Civilians and Army spouses (statutory volunteers) are the only personnel authorized to conduct formal Resilience Training to members of the Army Family.
Institutional Resilience Training (IRT) –Training provided at every major level of the Army education system, from basic training to the War College.
Performance Enhancement – Provides Soldiers, Family members and Army Civilians with the mental and emotional skills to strengthen their minds and perform at their best when it matters most: in combat, healing after an injury, or managing work and home life.
Metrics and Evaluation
Through research, with the support of various internal and external organizations, CSF2 has been able to scientifically validate its effectiveness. CSF2 is always analyzing the program and ensuring program efficacy.
By implementing CSF2 into the Army as an institution, we are building resilience and enhancing performance of our most precious asset – our people, and ensuring our Army is ready for the future and trusted by the Nation.
The Army needs its Soldiers, Family members and Army Civilians to be resilient. Resilience, or the ability to cope with and recover from a negative experience, achieve positive outcomes, adapt to change, stay healthy and grow from the experience, has been a hallmark of the American Soldier for more than two centuries. Nevertheless, we cannot ignore the fact that our Army has been at war for over a decade, that many members of our Army community have experienced multiple combat deployments, and these deployments have not only taken a toll on Soldiers, but have also imposed a toll on the Family members remaining behind, as well as Army Civilians who support them in theater and at home. CSF2 is committed to a true prevention model, aimed at the entire force, which will enhance resilience, improve performance and instill coping skills, thereby enabling all members of the Army Family to grow and thrive in today's Army.
As reported in the recent Army Health Promotion, Risk Reduction, Suicide Prevention Report 2010, suicide is a very complex topic and there are many reasons why people make the tragic decision to commit suicide. Given enough time and enough data, we may learn that CSF2 helps those who contemplate suicide.
For example, we know from research on suicide that many survivors of suicide attempts report that a particular event - such as the loss of an important personal relationship - can cause them to fixate on the loss. Most people find a way to move past the loss. However, in serious cases, this fixation results in a downward spiral of thinking that leads some people to believe that they cannot be happy ever again without that relationship, that the world is better off without them, and that the only solution before them is suicide.
CSF2 is another tool in the toolkit to prevent suicide - the CSF2 program offers skill-based training that teaches people to avoid the catastrophic thinking that leads to a downward spiral, provides them with skills to identify the positive things that are present in their lives, and provides them with skills that helps keep the negative things in the proper perspective.
CSF2 is constantly assessing the effectiveness of its program efforts. Technical Reports 1-4 are currently available on the Downloads page (CSF2 Supporting Documents).
It is possible that the training provided in the CSF2 program could be used to limit the negative impact of stress and trauma that might otherwise lead to PTSD, but we believe that this would likely depend on the severity of the stress and trauma, how effectively the person employs the training, and other factors.
CSF2 is constantly assessing the effectiveness of its program efforts. Technical Reports 1-4 are currently available on the Downloads page (CSF2 Supporting Documents).
No, Comprehensive Soldier & Family Fitness will not cure PTSD. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a recognized medical condition, and there are several medical treatments for PTSD - CSF2 is not meant to be one of those medical treatments for PTSD.
The material taught in the Comprehensive Soldier & Family Fitness program can help provide beneficial cognitive strategies for those who have been diagnosed with PTSD, and these strategies may positively impact how the patient approaches a doctor-approved medical treatment for PTSD. However, CSF2 is not a medical program designed to treat PTSD. The Army employs various medical treatments for PTSD, and those treatments are resourced and managed by the Army Medical Department (AMEDD).
When faced with stress and/or adversity, resilience is a key factor in the mental, emotional, and behavioral ability to cope with and recover from the experience, achieve positive outcomes, adapt to change, stay healthy and grow from the experience. Resilience is closely linked to Performance. Performance is one measure used to assess an individual's level of resilience. A resilient individual is better able to leverage mental and emotional skills and behavior that promotes optimal human performance.
CSF2 has a Facebook page, located at https://www.facebook.com/ArmyCSF2.This page is regularly updated with CSF2 news and events, and CSF2 encourages visitors to post comments and respond to questions posted to the page. It also features Hunt the Good Stuff every Thursday, use #HTGS to find it on Twitter. CSF2's Twitter page is located at https://www.twitter.com/ArmyCSF2. All are welcome to follow @ArmyCSF2.
The Global Assessment Tool (GAT) is an online survey that combines objective health data with survey-based questions, providing the individual self-awareness in the five dimensions of strength (as defined by the World Health Organization): emotional, social, spiritual, family and physical. The user is provided scores based on their answers to the questions, followed by personalized online self-development recommendations. Developed by experts from the U.S. Military, civilian universities, hospitals, and industry professionals, the GAT is built upon a foundation of scientifically validated measures of health and resilience. All individual GAT results are completely confidential. Individual question responses and dimensional scores are not made available to anyone other than the individual taking the GAT. The GAT takes an average of 18 minutes to complete. There is a different GAT for Soldiers, Family members and Army Civilians.
Completing the GAT is an annual requirement for Soldiers and deploying Army Civilians. Completing the GAT is optional for non-deploying Army Civilians and Family members, however, we highly encourage that you take the GAT because doing so is the gateway for helping you become more resilient and enhancing your performance.
Any family member who is registered in Defense Eligibility Enrollment Reporting System (DEERS) may take the GAT for Family Members, but the primary audience for the GAT for Family Members is spouses.
Please visit the Take the GAT page. You will need to log in using your CAC card or your Army Knowledge Online (AKO) username and password.
There are two methods for family members to get access to the GAT. First, access is granted through the Army Knowledge Online using their assigned user name and password. However, this method requires that their service member sponsor them into AKO. To sign up for an AKO account with sponsorship, visit https://www.us.army.mil, click on the "I don't have a CAC/PIV" tab and click the "Create Account" button.
Second, access is granted via an alternate method where a family member signs up for access to the GAT. Here, family members provide basic information that is confirmed against the DEERS database, and the system then provides a user name and password that will grant access to the GAT. This alternate method does not require service member sponsorship. Visit the Take the GAT page for access.
You may retake the GAT every 90 days. The Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness Directorate recommends that you complete as much of the offered online self-development and training as you can before taking the GAT again.
Most of the questions on the GAT are focused on thoughts and behaviors that are fairly adaptable - with training, you can actually improve or change in these areas. The GAT focuses much less attention on "traits" that are harder to change, if they can change at all. With this in mind, the GAT measures:
- Psychological strengths
- Catastrophic thinking/cognitive flexibility
- Good/bad coping strategies
- Spiritual fitness (not religiosity)
- Quality of friendships/loneliness
- Work engagement
- Social factors (trust, engagement with others)
- Family fitness
- Positive/negative affectivity
Only you can see your results to the GAT. Army policy forbids disclosure of any personal GAT or health related information to anyone. Family members, please properly secure your username and password.
Your results should be used for self-awareness purposes. Stated another way, your GAT scores give you an accurate snapshot of particular areas of strength and areas for improvement related to resilience. Developing human resilience is a life-long process, and there's never an "end point" or "final objective" because people can always improve. With this in mind, we recommend that you initially focus on those areas that need the most improvement according to your GAT scores, though ultimately how you interpret the results is left to you.
As outlined on the first page of the GAT, CSF2 may use your results - averaged with responses provided by other people - for program evaluation purposes. If so, all Personal Identifiable Information (PII) is removed from the analysis record to ensure that there is no way that an analyst can link a particular question response back to you. Likewise, CSF2 may use your de-identified responses - again, averaged with responses provided by other people - to prepare reports for the Army's senior leadership or the scientific community about resilience trends within the Army or to report on the effectiveness of CSF2 at building resilience across the Army.
You should view your results as an indicator of where you are strong and where you can improve, should you choose to do so. We recommend that, as the next logical step, you complete the self -development modules or other training specifically recommended for you. Likewise, we recommend that you participate in classes led by unit Master Resilience Trainers at your company, battery or troop, at your unit Family Readiness Group meetings, or at an Army Community Service Center-sponsored resilience event. You can also contact your local CSF2 Training Center regarding future training.
No, a low score on the GAT does not mean you have PTSD or some other form of psychological problem. Likewise, it does not mean that you are "unfit." Generally, low scores could mean one of four things:
First, a low score likely means that you have a lot of room for improvement in one or more of the dimensions of human health and resilience (social, emotional, spiritual, or family). It is not uncommon for a person to have a low score in one or several of the dimensions if they respond truthfully to the questions on the GAT. With this in mind, the intent is not to get a "good" score on the GAT per se, but rather get an honest assessment of your resilience and improve gradually over time as you receive more training via the online Comprehensive Resilience Modules (CRMs) and the classes led by your unit's Master Resilience Trainer (MRT).
Second, a low score might mean that you rushed your responses or did not fully read the questions. Let's face it: Soldiers are constantly rushed for time, it's common to be told that we must complete a training requirement before we can go home for the day, so the easiest thing to do is to simply respond to every question as quickly as possible - often without reading the questions - so we can get a "go" at that station. While this may be true, doing so won't help you. Stated another way, if you rush through the questions, then you are cheating yourself. So, if you fall in this category, wait 90 days, take the GAT again, take your time, and answer honestly. If you want to become a resilient Soldier, then you have to be willing to put in the work!
Third, a low score might indicate that you ought to talk to someone. This "someone" could be someone you trust - a member of your chain-of-command, a friend or family member, or maybe a medical professional. However, we would never suggest that you talk to someone just because you received a low score on a survey. We suggest that you try to determine if the scores really do match what is happening in your life and, if so, then perhaps you can reach out for support. In the end, reaching out to the right person for support will likely only make you stronger.
Fourth, no matter your score in any of the dimensions, the GAT is a self-awareness tool and you are free to ignore any part of the GAT based on your personal belief system.
If you desire immediate assistance, please click here and follow the instructions to speak to a behavioral health counselor. Also, this same link is provided to you on the bottom of the Results tab while viewing your GAT score.
Yes, you may do so voluntarily. Sharing your GAT scores with a spouse or anyone else is a personal matter. Only you can decide this. To review the supporting HQDA policy letter, click here.
No, you cannot be compelled or directed by anybody, including your chain of command, to provide your GAT scores to anyone. To review the supporting HQDA policy letter, click here.
No, your GAT scores and feedback will not have an impact on your or your spouse's career. As with the GAT for Soldiers, Army policy states that personally identifiable GAT scores cannot be shared with anyone other than the person who completed the GAT.
No, your commander cannot have this information. The GAT is not a command surveillance tool. To review the supporting HQDA policy letter, click here.
Yes, your commander or designated representative may request access to completion reports that provide a roster of everyone who has and has not completed the GAT in the last year. This information is tracked by Unit Identification Code, so you may need to build a Task Force Report that requires you in input "child" or "progeny" UICs that are subordinate to your "command-level" UIC. For instructions on how to get access to the completion reports, click here.
Yes, GAT completion dates are reported to the Army Career Tracker. CSF2 coordinated including the GAT completion data in the Army Career Tracker's initial release in June 2011.
Yes, but there is typically a 5-7 day lag time between when a Soldier completes the GAT and when the status is accurately reflected in DTMS.
Soldiers are required to receive formal Resilience Training in each of the 12 resilience skills annually.
Only certified Master Resilience Trainers are qualified to conduct Resilience Training. Resilience Training Assistants (RTAs) may assist with training, however.
The 12 Resilience skills have be loaded into DTMS for Unit tracking. You can find them under mandatory training in DTMS. The task number is ALARACT 128/2013 and the acronym for each skill. You can also type RESILIENCE SKILLAND COMPETENCIES in the task name box and all 12 skills will appear.
Yes, CSF2 tracks Resilience Training via the USR. See ALARACT 128/2013 - Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness Resilience Reporting Requirements in the Unit Status Report, 16 MAY 2013 - for specific details about which Units are required to report and what data is collected.
The Army has more than 10,000 trained Master Resilience Trainers located at installations plus Army Reserve Centers and National Guard Joint Readiness Centers throughout the Army. In addition, many Army Community Service (ACS) and Family Readiness Groups have MRTs. Soldiers, their Family members and Army Civilians are encouraged to reach out to their local MRT with resilience training questions they may have.
Commanders and Command Sergeant Majors have the ability, via the MRT Resource Center, to locate MRTs by UIC, state, duty location or name. If you don't know who your MRT is, contact your Commander or Command Sergeant Major. If you are a Family member or DA Civilian, contact Army Community Services (ACS) to locate your MRT. You may also contact the installation's CSF2 Program Manager.
The resilience pre-deployment training required by FORSCOM/First Army can be found at the following location. It is mandatory for the training to be conducted by a certified MRT.
The resilience post deployment training is voluntary and can be found at the following location.
Comprehensive Soldier & Family Fitness is the only HQDA sanctioned resilience program.
MRTs are Soldiers, Army Civilians and spouses (Statutory Volunteers) who are graduates of the 10-day MRT course taught at the University of Pennsylvania, Leadership Development Division (LDD) at Ft. Jackson, Ft. McCoy, Ft. Custer, by the Mobile Training Teams (MTT), or at CSF2 Training Centers. MRTs:
- Live the skills they have been taught
- Use the skills during formal and informal counseling
- Teach the skills
- With periodic structured courses on unit training calendars
- Teach Deployment Cycle Resilience Training (Sustainment) modules based on rotation
schedules - Instruct resilience training in selected TRADOC courses
Serve as Commander's advisor regarding total fitness and resilience training related issues Know when to refer Soldiers for professional counseling to behavioral health providers, chaplains or other appropriate resources
Resilience and Performance Enhancement not only creates a more Ready and Resilient Force, it changes lives. As one Soldier put it, “We use resilience techniques like Detecting Icebergs and Avoiding Thinking Traps while driving our daughters to soccer practice, and we do Hunt the Good Stuff every evening at dinner. It’s made our family stronger and we would recommend it to every Army family,” A spouse and Family Readiness Group leader who was trained said, “After the training was over, I noticed that by using the skills I was making subtle, gradual changes in my family life. My husband and I became increasingly self-aware, had greater self-regulation and mental agility, and we were creating a lifestyle that was continually positive.”
Level-1: Master Resilience Trainer (MRT) is a graduate of the Army’s 10-day course. Graduates are awarded ASI: 8R and serve as their unit’s formal resilience trainer.
Level-2: MRT Facilitator (MRT-F) – is a graduate of the Army’s 5-day level-2 course. Graduates are awarded ASI: 8J and are called upon to support MRT level-1 training as small group facilitators. As unit MRTs, Level-2 MRTs have the same responsibilities as any MRT . Although there are no requirements for MRTs by echelon, Level-2 MRTs may be a good choice for battalion or large company program advisors.
Level-3: MRT Trainer/Assistant Primary Instructor (MRT-API) is a graduate of the Army’s 5-day level-3 course. - Graduates are awarded ASI: 8J and are called upon to support MRT level-1 and 2 training as assistant primary instructors. As unit MRTs, Level-3 MRTs have the same responsibilities as any MRT but have a greater depth of knowledge of resilience skills than Level-3s. Although there are no requirements for MRTs by echelon, Level-3 MRTs may be a good choice for battalion or brigade program advisors.
Level-4: MRT Primary Instructor (MRT-PI) is a graduate of the Army’s 10-day level-4 course. Graduates are awarded ASI: 8J and are called upon to support MRT level-1, 2 and 3 training as primary instructors. As unit MRTs, Level-4 MRTs have the same responsibilities as any MRT but have a greater depth of knowledge of resilience skills than Level-3s. Although there are no requirements for MRTs by echelon, Level-4 MRTs may be a good choice for brigade or higher program advisors.
MRT-Performance Experts (MRT-PEs) are unique to CSF2 Training Centers. MRT-PEs are civilian (contract) training experts with specialized backgrounds in sports psychology, kinesiology or other performance enhancement fields. MRT-PEs are available to assist commanders as they develop their unit resilience programs and assist in training performance enhancement skills to Soldiers.
The MRT courses are held in Philadelphia, PA, Leadership Development Division (LDD) at Fort Jackson, SC, at the Fort McCoy MRT Training Center at Fort McCoy, WI, at Fort Custer, MI, via Mobile Training Teams (MTT) and at CSF2 Training Centers. All courses (with dates) are listed in Army Training Requirements & Resources System (ATRRS), under school codes 145, 805V, 996 and 1023, respectively. NOTE: The Fort McCoy (1023) and Fort Custer (996) courses are open only to Reserve Component and Army National Guard Soldiers.
This is a unit commander decision. The ideal Soldier, first and foremost, is a volunteer. Do not select Soldiers who are pending transfer or have less than three years of retainability.
The primary grade of Soldiers that should attend the MRT course are:
1) Non-Commissioned Officers, in the grade of E-6 to E-8 (E-5 promotable by exception);
2) Warrant Officers, in the grade of W-1 to W-4; and
3) Commissioned Officers, in the grade of O-1 to O-4.
Candidates should possess excellent communication and presentation skills, present a healthy and fit appearance, meet the standards of AR 600-9, have a valid APFT within the last 6 months, exercise effective coping mechanisms, and display the traits of resilience. They should be an informal leader, have a good rapport with others, be extroverted, have mental agility, and be an optimistic thinker.
Spouses can attend the MRT course at the discretion of installation commanders, and CSF2 is actively encouraging them to make seats available to spouses. Commanders are encouraged to choose Spouses whom represent a cross section of rank (E5-04), will have at least 12 months longevity in the Unit, have an outgoing personality and are unafraid to speak to small groups. Selectees should also possess a positive outlook, have good self esteem, confidence in facilitating small group activities, and embrace the military life.
- Valid APFT card
- DA form 5500/5501 (Body Fat Worksheet)
- Government travel card
- Soldiers must complete the Global Assessment Tool (GAT)
- Complete the UPENN VIA Survey of Character Strengths. You must register an account before you can take the survey.
Yes, there are four. MRT ASIs: 8R (Level-1), 8J (Level-2: Facilitator), 8K (Level-3: Trainer-Assistant Primary Instructor) and 8L (Level-4: Primary Instructor). Graduates are provided a certificate as proof of completion. Please understand that some Soldiers returning from the course must submit a DA Form 4187 requesting the award of the ASI; this allows the Army to track the number of trained MRTs in the force. ARNG must update their records individually via their local S1.
Soldiers interested in attending the MRT course should notify their chain of command of their interest. Units desiring to send Soldiers to MRT training should check with their Command Resilience Point of Contact. MACOMS and most Direct Report Units of the Army receive a certain number of quotas which are sub-allocated to the subordinate units and entities of their command. Units should not input ATRRS reservations without the knowledge and concurrence of their Command resilience coordinator. Level-2 through 4 candidates are recommended to the CSF2 Director by level-3 or 4 MRTs. Students must be invited to be scheduled for higher level MRT training. Additional selection considerations are found in Army Regulation 350-53, Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness (effective date 15 November 2013).
All information on the course can be obtained in ATRRS under School Codes 145, 805V, 996 or 1023 under Course Description.
- Active Duty Army will use MTSA funds
- US Army Reserve and Army National Guard will use unit/state appropriated funds
- Funding for other branch services will be provided by the respective branch
- Department of the Army Civilians are currently centrally funded and will receive a Line of Accounting (LOA) from DAMO- CSFF
EFFECTIVE 01 OCTOBER 2012 COMPREHENSIVE SOLDIER & FAMILY FITNESS WILL NO LONGER PROVIDE FUNDING FOR DA CIVILIANS NOT ASSOCIATED WITH ARMY COMMUNITY SERVICE (ACS).
Commands and garrisons interested in scheduling an MTT should contact CSF2. NOTE: All MTTs have been allocated for FY13.
RTAs are those who have received the entire resilience training block established by CSF2 and who then are able to assist certified MRTs in teaching resilience. RTA training is taught by a certified 8R MRT and consists of the 24 hour block of MRT core competencies (Modules 1 through 4). CSF2 recommends that the 24 hour block of instruction be taught over a 3-4 day period.
RTA candidates need to meet the same standards as Master Resilience Trainers.
Soldiers, Family members and Army Civilians who are in good standing and demonstrate personal and emotional commitment to resilience training should be selected for RTA instruction. Soldiers who are graduates of the Total Army Instructor Trainer Course (TAITC) or the Army Basic Instructor Course (ABIC) should be given priority. RTAs receive a CSF2-approved certificate of completion for RTA training but are not authorized the 8R ASI or points toward promotion. Completion of the RTA training should be documented in the Digital Training Management System (DTMS).
It is recommended RTAs should be at the company level and below with the ultimate goal of having one per platoon.
Contact your unit of assignment. Units will be provided with seats/funding.
The MRT requirements are the same for both Active and Reserve Components: minimum of one MRT per company-sized unit or one MRT per 250 personnel when that unit is composed primarily of DA Civilians.
Currently, the Army Reserve is preparing to open a CFS2 Training Center at Camp Parks, CA. There are initiatives in place to open a second CFS2 Training Center in FY 14 or FY 15.
FRGs plays a vital role in Family and Soldier Resilience. Families must have the coping skills to rely on while their spouses or other family members are away performing their military duties. FRG Leaders desiring to include resilience training should coordinate with their unit MRT. If the unit does not have an MRT, the FRG Leader should request a trainer from the unit’s higher headquarters. In addition, Family Readiness Support Assistants and FAC coordinators are being trained as Master Resilience Trainers to provide training to FRG's and family members.
Units desiring to send Soldiers to MRT training should check with their State Resilience Coordinator. Units should not input ATRRS reservations without the knowledge and concurrence of their state resilience coordinator.
The Army National Guard sends money to the states to cover the pay & allowances as well as the travel costs for the course.
With the implementation of the Secretary of the Army Directive, the Army National Guard training requirement will be 12 skills per year.
FRGs play an important role in Family & Soldier Resilience. Families must have the coping skills to rely on while their spouses or other family members are away performing their military duties. FRG Leaders desiring to include resilience training should coordinate with their Battalion or Brigade MRT. If the unit does not have an MRT, the FRG Leader should request a trainer from the State Resilience Coordinator. In addition, Family Readiness Support Assistants and FAC coordinators are being trained as Master Resilience Trainers to provide training to FRG's and family members. Coordinate with your state resilience coordinator and regional FRSA for training availability.
The correct AOID is 016. Only SCH 805V and SCH 145 require an ATRRS application for the ARNG. The state QSM can input soldiers directly into courses for SCH 1023 and 996 as long as the state has allocations.
Your state resilience coordinator.
No, only personnel from ARNG HRS-R will contact DA for all matters associated with Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness and the MRT Courses.
These seats are only available for the ARNG training locations. No seat allocations for advance level MRT Training will be provided to the states.
Your State Resilience Coordinator has access to the MRT Storefront; you should contact them to determine the procedures for your state.
AR 220-1 is the official regulation governing who is required to report on the USR. Additionally, ALARACT 128/2013 is CSF2's official guidance on Resilience reporting procedures.
No. RTAs are only to be used as assistants for a Level 1 trained MRT to conduct state level RTA training. RTAs are also evaluated by the State Resilience Coordinators in order to develop an order of merit list for future consideration as a Master Resilience Trainer.